Luckily, monsteras can be forgiving plants and they’re very good at telling you what they want! Fungus gnats: Soggy soil can create root rot or cause fungus gnats, which are small annoying bugs like fruit flies. These sticky traps work great, but you’ll want to replant your Monstera in fresh soil. Fungal Leaf Spots: Leaf spots appear as brown spots with yellow margins. Dark brown spots are a telltale sign of root rot, which is caused by over-watering. As you can imagine by how this plant grows in the wild, as described above, it prefers filtered … The ideal range of soil pH for Monsteras is around 5.5-7. You can feel the soil dry when underwater for too long. These 200 eggs then hatch and turn into larvae…which feed on the fungi produced from the damp soil (hence the name fungus gnats). Repotting. On the extreme side, the biggest risk of over-watering is, Over-watering can also increase the risk of bacterial infections and, attract certain insects like fungus gnats. The stems and the leaves will also absorb any fungus and bacteria that attack the soil and infect the roots. The other option would be to put a layer of gravel or another material at the bottom of the pot so that excess water collects and doesn’t get absorbed into the soil. If your soil is staying wet for too long, you may also want to use a “lighter” soil mix. If the Monstera is root bound, the soil dries out faster because there is less material to hold water for the plant. Can you cut Monstera air roots off? Dark brown spots are a telltale sign of root rot, which is caused by over-watering. How to Tell When It Needs Water. Yellowing is a milder sign that your monstera might be over-watered. You can buy a free-draining potting mix in stores or online or create your own. 24 Dec. rooting monstera in perlite. These are so frequently seen in pots in greenhouses and homes that the common names are plantpot dapperling and flowerpot parasol. As a result, the roots are no longer able to absorb water and associated soil-derived nutrients for the rest of the plant. Fungus gnats occur when the soil is wet for too long. Since normal potting mix can be too wet and cacti mix can be too dry, many Monstera owners like to get the best of both worlds by mixing the two (in equal parts) to create a happy medium. The first is that you have to water more frequently, and the water seems to run through the pot very quickly. The fungi can be transferred through the soil. How To Prevent Brown Spots on Monstera Leaves? A root rot treatment is also a good idea at this point. Unfiltered water containing adverse chemicals can also cause this issue. There’s no one answer to how often to water a Monstera except for: when it is dry. Mycorrhizal fungal filaments in the soil act as extensions of root systems and are more effective in nutrient and water absorption than the roots themselves. Not only that, but plant roots exposed to too much water are likely to die off, so cutting back will benefit the plants too. I had the hardest time with fungus gnats in the soil of my dwarf banana tree because the soil has to be kept so moist. I usually put in a thin layer of worm castings as fertilizer. Wet leaves can also attract fungus gnats. Gently handle your monstera while washing away the soil. Monsteras can thrive in a regular potting mix.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'thehealthyhouseplant_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_1',111,'0','0'])); If you are concerned about overwatering, a succulent and cacti potting mix could be a good option. The gnats lay their eggs in damp soil, usually the top layer of soil. Happy growing! All About Monstera Guttation, Using Indoor Plant Supports with Monstera Plants. That’s a far easier problem to correct. Since Monsteras naturally grow on trees in the wild, your indoor plant will eventually need some kind of support as it gets larger. The bad news is that your houseplant has fungal leaf spots. Then place the plant into the new pot and fill around the root ball with your potting mix until the soil line is an inch or two below the rim of the pot. There is a possibility that the pot can break, so be sure to use safety equipment and follow directions. There are other causes, but if you notice this sign, check the moisture level (with a moisture meter like this) of the soil to be safe (which you should do every time you water). You can also sprinkle a little cinnamon on top of the soil because it’s a natural antifungal. Although you might see new growth year-round depending on the conditions in your home, the increased sunlight and warmer temperatures of the warmer months spur even more activity. I love monsteras and writing, so I created this site to combine my two passions. It is no surprise that the soil will remain wet as you have watered it more than necessary. Copyright © echo date(Y);?> Monstera Plant Resource, Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Food Moisture Meter. The stems and the leaves will also absorb any fungus and bacteria that attack the soil and infect the roots. Once your garden is infected, you can’t save the plants. A well-draining soil is important for your Monstera adansonii swiss cheese plant. It should be repotted every few years to ensure adequate soil nutrition and space for the rapidly growing plant. After the soil is washed out, you will most probably notice rotting roots. Plant your monstera in well-draining indoor potting soil with a little extra peat moss mixed in. The yellow leaves should turn green again once the problem is corrected. Hi! I have a Monstera that I've noticed as of late has been a bit droopy. Gnats may be deterred from laying their eggs if the soil is dry on the surface. Monstera Varieties Guide: How to Buy and Care for Monstera Albo Borsigiana, What to Do With Monstera Fruit: How to Prepare Mexican Breadfruit, Do Monstera Plants “Cry”? Although they grow quickly, Monsteras can usually go 2-3 years before needing to be repotted. Read on and you will learn a variety of reasons why your Monstera leaves become yellow. Black Monstera leaves are usually caused by root rot, which … Remove infected leaves and do not get the leaves wet when watering as this can cause the fungi to spread. And it contains a mix of sphagnum peat moss, earthworm castings, perlite, … Once you’ve repotted, make sure your monstera gets plenty of bright, indirect sunlight and go easy on the water for a little while. Use a container to measure out equal parts of your two ingredients, then stir them together with a garden trowel until evenly mixed. In addition to talking about the care for the Monstera genus, I created specific in-depth care guides for multiple described Monstera species below. in soil. Of course, under-watering causes problems too, but it’s better to err on the side of under-watering if you aren’t sure. You want to water this plant when the soil is completely dry and the leaves get a little soft/droopy at the ends. If there’s not enough soil (i.e., roots are filling most of the pot), you will find you have to water too frequently. This puts it in the range of slightly acidic to neutral, and the vast majority of commercially-available potting mixes will already fall into this category. This issue needs to be, If you notice these spots and the soil feels wet, carefully remove the monstera from its pot to inspect the roots. It’s better to understand your plants’ water needs and control their moisture levels through your watering habits. In nature, Monsteras use their aerial roots to climb up trees. Monstera deliciosa is not a particularly finicky houseplant and is generally easy to grow in most indoor environments. What to do: Once you’ve adjusted the light and water, you can scoop the fungus out of the soil and add some fresh soil on top. Temperature Issues. If your Monstera is getting large and top-heavy or is no longer growing vertically, a moss pole (or another support, like a trellis) can help. In general, it is better to give a Monstera too little water over too much. When to Repot Monstera. LIGHT. While compost is great for outdoor soils, it is a fungus gnat MAGNET when used for indoor plants. If they’re provided more space and refreshed nutrients in a larger pot, Monsteras will make the best use of them during the growing season. The peat moss will absorb its own weight in water and release it slowly to the plants but will allow the excess to freely drain away. What to do: If you’re running into this issue, try scaling back the amount of water you give your monstera, but try to stay on the 7- to 10-day schedule. If this doesn’t seem to be the case, yellowing can also indicate that your plant is lacking nutrients and it’s time to fertilize! This indicates that many roots are taking up space in the pot and not a lot of soil to absorb the water. Try mixing half cactus mix or orchid bark into your soil or check out our Premium Indoor Potting Mix, which is designed to prevent over-watering. I find it easier to add the support when the plant is small, so it can be trained to grow up the pole from the beginning. Read our ultimate guide to watering your monstera here! It also doesn’t contain sufficient nutrients to keep container plants healthy. Simply hang up a trap near affected plants, or attach it to a bamboo cane inserted into the compost. Click to join our community on Facebook: Monstera Plant Resource Group. 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