In the ethane molecule, the bonding picture according to valence orbital theory is very similar to that of methane. Its chemical structure is shown in the following illustration. In our model for ethane we saw that the carbon orbitals are sp 3 hybridized, and in our model for ethene we saw that they are sp 2 hybridized. It's only composed of … Ethane is a colorless, odorless, and flammable gas with a chemical formula of C 2 H 6; it has two carbon (C) atoms and six hydrogen (H) atoms. Let's review. Ethane is an organic compound having the chemical formula C 2 H 6. Spanish Grammar: Describing People and Things Using the Imperfect and Preterite, Talking About Days and Dates in Spanish Grammar, Describing People in Spanish: Practice Comprehension Activity, Quiz & Worksheet - Employee Rights to Privacy & Safety, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, What is Inquiry-Based Learning? Hydrogen can only form 1 bond. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} To do this, liquefied ethane is used. An error occurred trying to load this video. You can test out of the Services. Ethane is used as a refrigerant, which is needed in frozen food business and cryogenics. Ethane is a hydrocarbon composed of two carbon atoms and six hydrogen atoms. Anyone can earn Ethane is the second simplest alkane followed by methane. It contains 2 carbon atoms and 6 hydrogen atoms. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. At standard temperature and pressure, ethane is a colorless, odorless gas. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Ethane is the most important gaseous fuel. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Ethane is an alkane with the formula C 2 H 6 {{\rm{C}}_2}{{\rm{H}}_6} C 2 H 6 .Both the carbon atoms in ethane are s p 3 {\rm{s}}{{\rm{p}}^3} s p 3 hybridised and have a tetrahedral geometry. The ethane phase diagram shows the phase behavior with changes in temperature and pressure. Ethane is also used as a refrigerant in very low refrigeration systems. Visit the High School Biology: Homework Help Resource page to learn more. One of the uses of ethane is to produce ethylene. Natural gas components of ethane and heavier hydrocarbons are quite easily separated from the gas stream and liquefied under moderate pressure. Ethane | CH3CH3 or C2H6 | CID 6324 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, … However, it is not the actual structure. A refrigerant is the substance that is used in refrigeration systems that causes cooling. Ethane is a saturated hydrocarbon found in gaseous state. - Definition, Formula & Compounds, Amino Group: Definition, Structure & Formula, Protein Molecules: Functions, Structure & Examples, High School Biology: Homework Help Resource, Biological and Biomedical Staggered Ethane – D 3d. This study explores in detail the structure and dynamics of ethane (C 2 H 6) 29. fluid confined in silica nanopores, with a focus on the effects of pressure and different ratios of . CONTROLS . Let's take a virus as an example. Ethane is a gas at standard conditions. Get … Carbon is in group 4 of the periodic table. A glycol is an alcohol with two hydroxyl groups on adjacent carbon atoms (a 1,2-diol). Used in the preparation of ethanol, acetaldehyde and. Select a subject to preview related courses: Sometimes, it's necessary to freeze samples that need to be observed in scientific research, like cryo-electron microscopy. Ethane is structurally the simplest hydrocarbon that contains a single carbon–carbon bond. Other names – Methyl methane, Bimethyl, Dimethyl, Ethyl hydride. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) is the use of an electron microscope to study samples at extremely low temperatures. What is the Structure of an Ethane Molecule? © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Click the Symmetry Operations above to view them in 3D. So the formula for ethane is C2H6. Nissa has a masters degree in chemistry and has taught high school science and college level chemistry. Find a. Ethane burns in limited supply of air to give carbon monoxide. 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Ethane is a colourless, odourless, gaseous hydrocarbon (compound containing only hydrogen and carbon) which belongs to the paraffin subcategory. Ethane is an organic chemical compound with chemical formula C 2H 6. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Sp3 Hybrid Orbitals and the structure of ethane Definition. The carbon atoms in the chemical structure of ETHANE are implied to be located at the corner(s) and hydrogen ato… It is also used to produce a chemical called ethylene, which is a chemical needed in manufacturing products like plastic, automotive antifreeze, and detergent. For example, it is necessary in the frozen food business, as well as in cryogenics, which is the study of materials at very low temperatures. The Structure of Ethane ** The bond angles at the carbon atoms of ethane, and of all alkanes, are also tetrahedral like those in methane. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. It is also used for the production of a chemical called ethylene, which is used in the manufacture of goods such as plastic, automotive antifreeze, and detergent. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. 30. In refrigeration systems, a refrigerant is needed. It contains 2 carbon atoms and 6 hydrogen atoms. Ethane is a colorless, odorless, and flammable gas with a chemical formula of C2H6; it has two carbon (C) atoms and six hydrogen (H) atoms. Did you know… We have over 220 college Nature of Hybridization: In ethane each C-atom is Sp 3-hybridized containing four Sp 3-hybrid orbitals.One s-orbital and three Ethane, a colourless, odourless, gaseous hydrocarbon (compound of hydrogen and carbon), belonging to the paraffin series; its chemical formula is C 2 H 6. Despite Stimulus Money, Many Colleges Across the Nation Face Troubled Times, Many States Award Merit Aid to Students Who Are Under-Prepared for College, Tig Welding Training Program and School Information, Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, 40% of College Students Attend Part-Time, and Many Won't Graduate, Teaching the Deaf an Issue in Many States Across the Nation, How to Become a Surgical Tech: Certification Options & Career Requirements. In cryo-EM, you need to find the right school forms a total 7!, and uses of ethane using the Peng-Robinson equation structure of ethane family of organic compounds the structure. 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